Regular churchgoers preferred Romney, poll finds
According to one exit poll released through CNN, 42 per cent of Protestant Christians voted for Barack Obama and 57 per cent for Romney. Among the nation's Catholics, half voted for Obama and 48 per cent for Romney.
The poll found that those who attended church regularly were more likely to vote for Romney than for Obama.
Among those who identified themselves as Protestant or Catholic but said they "never" attended religious services, 62 per cent voted for Obama and 34 per cent for Romney.
Just over half (55 per cent) of those who said they attend "occasionally" voted for Obama, and 43 per cent for Romney.
However, among those who said they attend church "weekly", 39 per cent voted for Obama but 59 per cent voted for Romney.
A second national poll of voters commissioned by the Faith and Freedom Coalition reported that 78 per cent of white evangelicals voted for Romney compared to just 21 per cent for Obama.
Romney's performance among evangelicals represented a net swing of 10 per cent over John McCain's performance in 2008. It also reported that white evangelicals had increased to 27 per cent of voters.
Among Catholic voters who said they regularly attend mass, 67 per cent voted for Romney compared to 32 per cent for Obama, representing a swing of 35 per cent in the direction of the Republicans since 2008.
Romney also won white Catholics by a margin of 59 per cent to 40 per cent.
President of the Institute on Religion and Democracy, Mark Tooley, said: "Despite hopes for liberal inroads among church groups, especially evangelicals, it appears that evangelicals and traditional Catholics voted strongly along conservative lines.
"Undoubtedly they were motivated at least partly by issues such as marriage, abortion and religious freedom, especially the HHS contraceptive/abortifacient mandate on religious groups.
"Whatever the reasons for the election's final result, it seemingly is not due to lack of active concern from tens of millions of evangelicals and traditional Catholics."