In the statement, they “condemn this inhumane act that contradicts all religious teachings, and Middle Eastern culture that enabled people to coexist peacefully for many centuries”.
The joint statemnt was undersigned by Prince Ghazi bin Muhammad bin Talal of Jordan; Dr Muhammad Ahmed Al-Sharif, general secretary of the World Islamic Call Society; the World Council of Churches; and representatives of the Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Anglican, Protestant Evangelical and Pentecostal traditions.
The group called on the United Nations Security Council and Iraqi officials to "intervene to put an end to all terrorist attacks aimed at degrading Iraqi people, irrespective of their religious affiliation, and defiling Christian and Islamic sacred places”.
On Sunday, an insurgent group stormed into Our Lady of Salvation church located in the al-Karadah neighbourhood in Baghdad and killed 58 people. Among those killed were three priests, one of whom died later in hospital.
It was the deadliest attack against Iraqi Christians since Islamic extremists began targeting them in 2003 after the US-led invasion of Iraq.
The Islamic State of Iraq, the group that claimed responsibility for the attack, issued a statement Tuesday evening threatening to continue the bloodshed. The ISI includes al-Qaeda in Iraq and other Sunni Muslim insurgent groups.
While violence is raging in Iraq between Christians and Muslims, leaders of the two religious groups met in Geneva, Switzerland, at the Ecumenical Center to work out how to live and work harmoniously together. The dialogue was hosted by the World Council of Churches.
Dr Aref Ali Nayed, director of the Kalam Research and Media Center in Dubai recommended dialogue to help “keep each other honest” in the quest for justice and peace. He added that through dialogue it was possible to “grow ecologies of peace and forgiveness”.
The Rev Kjell Magne Bondevik, former prime minister of Norway and now president of the Oslo Center for Peace and Human Rights, said he agrees that dialogue is a meaningful tool.
“It is perhaps the only tool to build better relations. It is a tool for the building of shared societies,” said Bondevik.
Dr Farid Esack, professor in the study of Islam at the University of Johannesburg in South Africa, suggested that to move towards peace and justice, those involved must admit their guilt in systems of injustice and recognise themselves in others who suffer from that injustice.
“The idea of justice without compassion is somehow a betrayal of justice,” said Esack.
The event was inspired by the historic 2007 letter by 138 Muslim scholars called, “A Common Word”. Prince Ghazi bin Muhammad bin Talal of Jordan was the initiator of the letter.