Threat of famine in South Sudan
Entire communities in South Sudan are at risk of starvation, according to a Church leader, who says fighting continues despite the ceasefire.
Monsignor Roko Taban Mousa said vast numbers of people are "in urgent need" across his diocese of Malakal which covers Upper Nile, Unity and Jonglei states, scenes of some of the worst fighting between government forces and rebel groups.
Speaking on Thursday from South Sudan in an interview with Catholic charity Aid to the Church in Need, Mgr Taban warned of mass famine if aid – particularly food – is not sent quickly.
Describing the difficulties of getting aid to the worst-affected areas, he said that, in spite of the ceasefire of 24th January, the fighting had continued – although the conflict was not as intense as before.
Stressing the need for rice, maize, beans, sugar, oil and salt as well as clean water, he said: "The question of food is very urgent. People are on the edge of starvation and, if nothing happens, people will fall into that situation.
"Upper Nile, Bor and Unity are really destroyed. This conflict has been devastating and very inhuman."
Mgr Taban, who is Apostolic Administrator of Malakal, in effect acting bishop, said that in some of the worst affected areas of his diocese, up to 100,000 people are in dire need of food.
According to Mgr Taban, at least 30,000 homes lie in ruins across the diocese, half of them in three main towns – Bor, the centre of particularly severe conflict, Malakal and Bentiu.
He also highlighted mass looting and attacks on core services such as pharmacies and other medical centres.
The monsignor said people had no access to healthcare at a time when malaria and diarrhoea were on the rise.
He reported that people without clean water were drinking from the White Nile that runs through the diocese.
Across South Sudan, thousands of people have died in the conflict between South Sudan government forces and rebels led by former deputy president Riek Machar.
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The UN reported that since the violence started on 15 December 2013 more than 860,000 have fled their homes.
Stressing that the devastation was far worse than during the catastrophic 21-year civil war that ravaged Sudan until 2005, Mgr Roko said: "What we experienced during the [civil] war was never as bad as what we have experienced these past weeks."
Describing the current violence, he said: "The fighting is continuing but not at the same level as when it started.
"From Christmas Eve until 20 January, there was very heavy fighting. Now it is subsiding because of the [Addis Ababa] negotiations."
Mgr Roko described how his own home in Malakal was damaged by gunfire – luckily he was not in danger – but he came home to find damage to doors, windows and lighting.
Appealing for prayer, he said: "People need to pray for us. We feel that sense of solidarity when people pray.
"The need for prayer is very important. For those who have suffered so much, knowing that there are people who are praying for them will encourage them and give them back their hope."
Aid to the Church in Need is working with Mgr Roko to assess options for emergency aid.
ACN's Sudan and South Sudan projects coordinator Christine du Coudray Wiehe said: "The charity is willing to offer emergency help but we would first like to raise the question of logistical capacity; whether there are trained personnel capable of implementing the project efficiently."
She raised concerns about aid convoys being looted by underpaid and hungry soldiers, citing instances of this kind involving the UN.